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Is Junk Food to Blame

Candy, Soda, and Fast Food are Not Driving the Rising Obesity Trend in the US

Candy, Soda, and Fast Food are Not Driving the Rising Obesity Trend in the US

The frequency of eating junk food is unrelated to an adult’s Body Mass Index

Clinicians and practitioners should examine overall consumption patterns rather than eliminating certain junk foods from patients’ diets

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David Just and Brian Wansink (2015). Fast Food, Soft Drink, and Candy Intake is Unrelated to Body Mass Index for 95% of American AdultsObesity Science & Practice, 1(2), 126-130. doi: 10.1002/osp4.14

Soda, candy, and fast food are often painted as the prime culprits in the national discussion of obesity in the United States. While a diet of chocolate bars and cheese burgers washed down with a Coke is inadvisable from a nutritional standpoint, these foods are not likely to be a leading cause of obesity in the United States according to a new Cornell University Food and Brand Lab study conducted by the Lab co-directors David Just, PhD, and Brian Wansink, PhD. The study, published in Obesity Science & Practice, finds that intake frequency of these foods is not related to Body Mass Index in the average adult.

Researchers Just and Wansink reviewed a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States and found that consumption frequency of soda, candy and fast food is not linked to Body Mass Index (BMI) for 95% of the population. The exception is those who are on the extreme ends of the BMI spectrum: those who are chronically underweight and those who are morbidly obese. Given that there was no significant difference in the consumption frequency of these indulgent foods between overweight and healthy weight individuals, the researchers concluded that the overwhelming majority of weight problems are probably not caused by consumption of soda, candy and fast food alone. “This means,” explains Dr. Just, “that diets and health campaigns aimed at reducing and preventing obesity may be off track if they hinge on demonizing specific foods.” He adds, “If we want real change we need to look at the overall diet, and physical activity. Narrowly targeting junk foods is not just ineffective, it may be self-defeating as it distracts from the real underlying causes of obesity.”

These findings suggest that clinicians and practitioners seeking to help individuals obtain a healthy weight should examine how overall consumption patterns such as snacking and physical activity influence weight, instead of just eliminating “junk foods” from patient’s diets.

Summary by Katherine Baildon