Offering Healthy Foods at High School Concession Stands
Laroche, Helena, Christopher Ford, Katie Hanson, Xueya Cai, David Just, Andrew Hanks, and Brian Wansink (2014). Concession Stand Makeovers: A Pilot Study of Offering Healthy Foods at High School Concession Stands. Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdu015
In contrast to the nutrition requirements on breakfast and lunches sold in school cafeterias, foods sold at concession stands do not follow the standard nutrition guidelines because they are typically sold for fundraising purposes. Is there something that can be done to improve the healthful features of concession stand food, and preserve the profits they generate?
In this study published in the Journal of Public Health, we identified two successful strategies for improving the nutritional quality of foods sold at concession stands: 1) offer 5-10 healthy food options 2) modify the ingredients of popular items to contain less saturated and trans fats.
We collected revenue and sales data from the concessions at Muscatine High School in Muscatine, IA for two fall sports seasons one year apart. In the first season, no changes were made to the foods sold. In the second season, 8 new healthier foods were sold in addition to the standard foods offered. These foods included carrots, apples, a grilled chicken sandwich, and string cheese. Furthermore, the regular nacho cheese sauce was replaced with a no trans-fat variety and the popcorn was prepared with canola oil that has less saturated fat and no trans-fat compared to the coconut oil bars previously used.
Overall, the healthier items accounted for 9.2% of total sales, a clear indication of demand for these items. Sales of these items did increase from game to game suggesting increasing interest in these foods. Income also increased by 4% when the healthier items were sold. Sales of the modified nacho’s and popcorn increased by 8% despite the relatively healthier nature of the foods. Additionally, student satisfaction of the foods sold was not affected when the healthier foods were offered and parental satisfaction increased.
These results reveal the opportunities available for concession stand operators to improve the nutritional quality of what they sell, while maintaining customer satisfaction and profit. We recommend adding 5-10 new healthful items to the concessions menu—Adding variety, 5-10 new healthful items, will make it easier for customers to find something that they like. Try adding items such as, granola bars, fresh fruit, string cheese and mixed nuts. Rather than removing the less healthy options, make them using healthier ingredients and preparation methods-- patrons will still get the foods they love and they can feel better about eating them!
This study was conducted by Dr. Helena Laroche, an assistant professor of internal medicine and pediatrics at the University of Iowa, and her research team along with researchers from the Cornell Center for Behavioral Economics in Child Nutrition Programs (B.E.N. Center).
More information about this study can be found here: Healthy food is good for you–and can sell, too
Article summary by: Drew Hanks
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